MIAMI -- Jessica Kornfeld drove her children to their elementary school this past weekend. She wanted them to feel reassured that it was still a safe place, despite a horrific shooting in New England that killed 20 students very close to their own age.
"Our school is the same as it was when you left," she told them. "It's going to be fine."
Kornfeld and parents across the country were trying to quell their children's fears about returning to school Monday for the first time since the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn. School administrators have pledged to add police patrols, review security plans and make guidance counselors available.
And yet, it was pretty near impossible for parents not to be anxious and apprehensive following Friday's violence.
"For them, you need to pretend that you're OK," said Kornfeld, of Pinecrest, Fla. in suburban Miami. "But it's scary."
Teachers shared their concerns and braced themselves for what they would face in the classroom Monday.
"It's going to be a tough day," said Richard Cantlupe, an American history teacher at Westglades Middle School in Parkland, Fla. "This was like our 9/11 for school teachers."
Cantlupe said he will tell his students that his number one job is to keep them safe, and that like the teachers in Connecticut, he would do anything to make sure they stay out of harm's way. He is also beginning to teach about the Constitution and expects to take questions on the Second Amendment.
"It's going to lead right into the controversy over gun control," he said.
Connecticut Education Commissioner Stefan Pryor said his agency was sending a letter to school superintendents across the state on Sunday evening, providing a list of written prompts for classroom teachers to help them address the shooting in Newtown with their students.
"In many instances, teachers will want to discuss the events because they are so recent and so significant, but they won't necessarily know how to go about it," he said.
In an effort to ensure their students' safety and calm parents' nerves, school districts across the United States have asked police departments to increase patrols and have sent messages to parents outlining safety plans that they assured them are regularly reviewed and rehearsed.
Some officials refused to discuss plans publicly in detail, but it was clear that vigilance will be high this week at schools everywhere in the aftermath of one of the worst mass shootings in U.S. history: Twenty-six people were killed at Sandy Hook Elementary School, most children ages 6 and 7. The gunman then shot and killed himself.
Northern Virginia's Fairfax County Public Schools, the largest school system in the Washington area with about 181,000 students, will provide additional police patrols and counselors.
"This is not in response to any specific threat but rather a police initiative to enhance safety and security around the schools and to help alleviate the understandably high levels of anxiety," Superintendent Jack Dale said Sunday.
Dennis Carlson, superintendent of Anoka-Hennepin School District in Minnesota, said a mental health consultant will meet with school officials Monday, and there will be three associates - one to work with the elementary, middle and high schools, respectively. As the day goes on, officials will be on the lookout for any issues that arise, and extra help will go where needed.
"We are concerned for everybody - our staff and student body and parents," Carlson said. "It's going to be a day where we are all going to be hypervigilant, I know that."
In Tucson, Ariz., where a gunman in January 2011 killed six and wounded 12 others, including U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, the largest school district in the state increased security after Friday's shooting. Tucson Unified School District spokeswoman Cara Rene said Sunday that the district was participating in a memorial being held at one of its schools on Sunday evening, and that Gifford's replacement, Rep. Ron Barber, would be a featured speaker along with Superintendent John Pedicone. Barber was with Giffords at the constituent meet-and-greet and was among the wounded.
Rene said planning was under way to help teachers and students with grief and fear issues when school resumes Monday, and the district was working with Tucson police on security issues.
Officials with Chicago Public Schools, the nation's third-largest school district, said the district is reiterating its existing safety and emergency-management plans to keep more than 400,000 students safe, and may deploy police or counselors to schools as needed.
"With this incident, we took it as an opportunity to remind all of our principals to review and refresh their individual emergency-management plans and remind staff of standard safety protocol," said Chief Safety and Security Officer Jadine Chou.
Many schools will be holding a moment of silence Monday and will fly flags at half-staff.
Meanwhile, at home, many parents were trying to allay their children's fears while coping with their own. Kornfeld said her village is a lot like Newtown, Conn.: a place where people generally feel safe being at home without the doors locked and playing outside after school.
"Why would that happen there?" she said. "It kind of rocks everything."
She sat down with her son and daughter after school on Friday and explained to them what had happened. She reminded her children that they were with her, and safe.
"But it could have been us," her son replied.
Contributing to this report were Associated Press writers Jay Reeves in Birmingham, Ala.; Brett Zongker in Washington; Bob Christie in Phoenix; Holbrook Mohr in Jackson, Miss.; Amy Forliti in Minneapolis; Michelle Nealy in Chicago, Susan Haigh in Norwich, Conn., and Jeffrey Collins in Columbia, S.C.